6 min read
Updated on Jun 01, 2023
Richard Lower, an English physician, was the first person who used the science of blood donation with animals and successfully transfused blood between two dogs. Later, Karl Landsteiner, an American biologist, physician, and immunologist discovered the system of ABO human blood type to determine donors. Soon, blood transfusions became a common topic in the health industry.
Blood donor day was first initiated in May 2005 at the 58th World Health Assembly where it was decided to assign a day as World Blood Donor Day to be celebrated as an annual event held on 14th June to commemorate the birthday of Karl Landsteiner.
The day aims at raising awareness about the need for blood donation on a regular basis, to have a supply of blood for emergencies, and to appreciate the dedication of health workers working in the field of research and development. It is also observed as a day to thank blood donors from across the globe for their efforts towards saving lives and making the earth a better place to live.
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World Blood Donor Day is important because:
World Blood Donor Day takes place on 14 June each year. Many people fear donating blood as they think it might cause health issues. However, donating blood regularly is likely to help in keeping BP low and lowers the risk of heart attacks too.
The first question that any person willing to donate blood asks is ‘Can I donate blood?’ Is there any blood donation side effects or health issues that I may face after donating blood? The answer to the first question is – any healthy person above the age of 18 can donate blood. And as far as the second question goes, most people do not face any side effects after donating blood. However, some might face symptoms like dizziness and nausea in certain cases. Or some might also experience weakness for some time after donating blood. However, some might face symptoms like dizziness, nausea or weakness after donating blood.
Further, not many people are aware that June 14 is celebrated as World Blood Donor Day every year. This day is marked to create awareness about blood donation and its need for saving lives. This day is also marked to show gratitude to the donors who regularly donate blood to help save human lives. Let us take a look at some important aspects related to blood donation that interests everyone.
Blood donation is a noble but many people are scared of its side effects as they are of the view that it may cause harm to their health. Thus, they stay away from donating blood. However, the fact is rather than getting side effects, blood donation allows the donor to receive certain benefits in terms of their health. Yes, there are numerous health benefits of donating blood and the world blood donor day 2023 makes sure that people come to know about these benefits so that more and more people come ahead to do this noble job. The theme of world blood donor day 2023 is, “Donating blood is an act of solidarity. Join the effort and save lives”. So make sure to join the spirit of this day on 14 June for World Blood Donor Day.
To observe the world blood donor day, one can donate blood and spread the word about the benefits of blood donation. This way more and more people will come forward to donate blood voluntarily. You can also look for an event close to you where you can participate and help maximize the blood donation drive.
Further, you have also come to know about the facts like, when is world blood donor day celebrated and why is world blood donor day celebrated. So, make sure to participate in blood donation campaigns this blood donor day 2023 as much as possible.
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One unit blood is 350 ml and this is the normal amount of blood that a healthy person can donate at one time. Most adults have over 5 – 6 litre of blood in their body and 350 ml is the amount that can be safely donated once in every 3 months by a healthy person.
Normally, most people do not face any health issue after donating blood as it is a healthy process. Further, donors can easily replenish the amount of blood donated within 4 weeks to 8 weeks time, while the blood plasma gets refilled within just 48 hours of donating blood.
The red blood cells (RBCs) might lessen if you donate blood and it might show a temporary drop in some immune cells such as antibodies etc. However, the good news is that these antibodies are produced very quickly by your body if they are required. Further, your blood also returns to normalcy within just a couple of weeks.
Following are the people who should not donate blood:
Individuals who have low BP or low blood count.
People who are suffering from any infection.
People who have common cold and cough.
People who have had antibiotics to treat any illness.
Underweight people should not donate blood
People who did body piercing (tattoo) should stay away from donating blood
Also, another common question is can diabetics donate blood ? Diabetics who are on insulin must not donate blood. (But those with normal glucose level in blood can donate blood). People suffering from kidney ailments or ailments related to blood vessel should also not donate blood.
To avoid getting nausea the donor must consume lots of fluids along with a healthy food item like a regular meal before donating blood.
They should refrain from taking hot shower or staying in too hot surroundings.
They should refrain from vigorous activity like exercise and should refrain from keep standing for long duration.
Rest well on the night prior to donating blood.
If you still feel like fainting, just lie down for some time and let the blood flow to reach the brain.
Eat more iron-rich foods once you donate blood to recover fast.
Yes, smokers are allowed to donate blood. However, they should refrain from smoking 12 hours before and 3 hours after the blood donation process. Since smoking might increase BP, which is harmful if you are planning to donate blood.
For regular donors, 56 days is the limit after which they can start donating blood again. As such, most people can replenish blood within 28 days to 56 days, so that is the prescribed number of days that one should wait before they could donate blood again. On the other hand, plasma can be donated after every 28 days only. A person can donate plasma as many as 13 times a year, whereas for donating platelets you need a gap of 7 days, and you can donate plasma for over 24 times in a year. The same is 112 days gap in case of red blood cells, which can be donated 3 in a year.
World Blood Donor Day is observed on June 14 every year.
Rh means Rhesus factor. This is a protein present on the surface of red blood cells. Individuals with Rh factor in blood are said to have positive blood type and those who lack this factor have a negative blood group.
RBCs or red blood cells can be stored for up to 42 days. Plasma can be stored for over a year if stored in a frozen state. However, platelets can be stored for just 5 days.
You can do so in the Red Cross societies, hospitals, health centres etc.
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