How to Save or Reduce TDS On Salary with PPF, NPS, ULIP, SSY, FDs, ELSS: Explained


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What is Tax Deducted at Source of Income (TDS)?

TDS refers to tax deducted at source of income itself. In the case of TDS on salary – The employers deduct the applicable taxes from your salary before paying you the same.

It is mandatory, and now you know why TDS is deducted from salary. However, you can always bring down the TDS amount  by investing in schemes where the income tax authority provides tax exemptions.

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How to Save or Reduce TDS on salary?

You can easily avoid that possibility by investing in instruments that are eligible for tax deductions. For that, you would have to submit all the genuine documents to your employer so that you can claim the tax deductions as per Section 80C and other sections of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

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Also Read: Income Tax Saving Investments Under Section 80EE, 80C, 80D

How to save Tax Deduction from Salary?

The various options that you have in this regard may be enumerated as below:

  • PPF (Public Provident Fund)
  • NPS (National Pension System)
  • ULIP (unit-linked insurance plans)
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana 
  • Tax-saving FDs (fixed deposits)
  • ELSS (equity-linked saving scheme) funds 

As per Section 80C, you can also get a maximum tax exemption of 1.5 lakh rupees in a year from real estate properties that you own or have let out on rent.

# Tax exemption for repayment of the principal of housing loan 

When you are paying back your home loan’s principal you would get a tax deduction. In fact, it is a major part of the income tax exemptions granted by Section 80C. The maximum amount that you can claim in this regard is 1.5 lakh rupees in a year. However, you need to make sure that you do not sell the home before five years of possession. Otherwise, you would not be able to claim the tax deduction in question.

# Tax exemption for leave travel allowance 

As an employee, you can claim exemption from income tax for the expenses that you incur while you are traveling while you are on leave. However, you can only claim such a deduction for the expenses that you have incurred within India. The Income Tax Act states that leave travel allowance is an important part of an employee’s CTC (cost to company). LTA can be claimed only twice in four years.

# Tax exemption for PPF

Investing in the PPF is a good way to reduce the TDS deduction on salary. This is a governmental plan that lets you save small amounts of money and also offer returns on them. It also helps you claim tax deduction under Section 80C. The current rate of interest in this scheme is 7.1%. One of the biggest advantages of investing in the PPF is that you do not have to pay any tax on the interest that you earn from the same. The maximum tax exemption that you can claim for the investment that you are making over here is 1.5 lakh rupees in a year.

# Tax exemption for the first home bought on loan 

Thanks to Section 80EE you would be able to lower the deduction of TDS on salary if you buy a home on loan for the first time in your life. In this case, you would also get tax benefit on the interest that you are paying to repay the home loan. The maximum tax exemption that you are allowed in this case is two lakh rupees in a year. However, you also need to keep in mind that you must not have any residential property in your name on the date when the loan is approved.

# Tax exemption for medical insurance premiums 

You may not know this but you can also get a lower TDS deducted from your salary for the premiums that you are paying towards health insurance policies. The maximum tax exemption that you can avail in this case is 25,000 rupees a year. The policy is also allowed to cover your spouse and economically dependent children.

# Tax exemption for NPS

As we have said already, the NPS is a great way to lower the TDS deduction from your salary. The main purpose of investing in it is to make sure that you have some degree of financial comfort following your retirement. It comes under section 80CCD of the Income Tax Act 1961.

# Tax exemption for HRA 

If you are working in a salaried job and living in a rented home you can claim the tax exemption that is granted for HRA (house rent allowance). With the HRA you would be allowed to lower your TDS burden partially. However, please keep in mind that this exemption is being granted only for the costs related to a rented property.

# Tax exemption for the Sukanya Samriddhi account 

Investing in the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is a good way to make sure that the TDS deduction from your salary is lesser. The maximum tax exemption that you can claim in this regard is 1.5 lakh rupees a year. It comes under section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

# Tax exemptions for donations 

You can also make donations to political parties and use them to gain exemption from income tax. There is no specification on the upper limit in this regard. However, if you wish to claim the deduction you have to donate in ways other than cash.

This is especially when you are donating more than 2000 rupees. In some cases, you can get 100% or 50% exemption from taxes while in other cases you can get the same exemption but with limits. In these cases, the sum must not be more than 10% of your adjusted Gross Deduction Total Income. This particular exemption on your TDS deduction from salary is granted by Section 80G. Section 80GGA allows you to donate money towards rural development and scientific research, and gain tax exemption in the process.

However, if you are earning a salary or earning money from a business this exemption would not be applicable.


Every paisa that you can save in this present scenario of rising costs is important. The people who earn salaries know this the best. This is why they are always looking for ways to reduce the TDS deducted from salary. All the money they earn comes to them in exchange for the hard work that they put in every day. However, as you can see from above, with little knowledge and planning you can save a whole lot of money from your salary deductions and secure your future.

Also Read: Best Investment Plans for a Girl Child in India

Mar 06, 2022
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PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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