Roth IRA – What is a Roth Individual Retirement Account (IRA), Check Features & Benefits?


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Roth IRA or Roth Individual Retirement Account is a type of individual retirement plan that one can invest in to accumulate enough corpus for a comfortable life after retirement. In this post, we cover details of the Roth IRA plan for you to understand it better.

Roth IRA Full Form?

Roth IRA means an Individual Retirement Account that allows the investor to enjoy tax-free returns and maturity amounts for retirement. This individual retirement plan helps in building a corpus to lead a comfortable life after retirement. The option of tax saving and the flexibility of the plan makes Roth IRA a popular retirement scheme to invest in.

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What is a Roth IRA?

IRA full form is Individual Retirement Account. Hence Roth IRA is Roth Individual Retirement Account. A Roth IRA account allows the investor to save money for his/her retirement. This is regarded as one of the best retirement plans that is available with tax benefits.

Roth IRA India is available for investors with flexible terms of withdrawal as well as contributions. The account holder under Roth IRA can grow savings in a tax-free manner for a tenure of their choice. A Roth IRA account can also be created in your spouse’s name to double your retirement savings.

Roth IRA Features 



Flexibility of Contributions

Yes, contributions can be done anytime

Roth IRA Options

Individual Roth IRA – in the name of the investor

Spousal Roth IRA – in the name of spouse (non-working)

Spousal Roth IRA

The spouse must be non-working

Contributions for the spousal account go from investors’ income


Should be made with your income remaining after tax deductions

Contributions do not have any tax benefits

Contribution Time Limit

Must be made by the last date of tax filing for the current year

Criteria to Start Distributions

No such criteria

Lock-In Period for Withdrawals

5 years

Early Withdrawals

Yes, withdrawal can be done without penalty for the purchase of your first home or to cover higher education costs

Withdrawals During Retirement

If you withdraw after 59 and half years, it is tax-free.

If you withdraw before 59 and half years, you pay a 10% penalty

Tax Benefits

Yes, no tax is deducted from contributions, earned profit and withdrawals, etc.

Roth IRA Eligibility Criteria

  • There is no age limit to join the Roth IRA plan
  • The Roth IRA income limits state that individuals interested to join the Roth IRA plan should earn income from salary, wages, self-employed, etc.
  • In the case of a spousal Roth IRA, you need to file a joint tax return
  • Here, the income of the investor must be higher than the Roth IRA contribution limit set for the spousal Roth IRA

How Does a Roth IRA Plan Work?

Here are the steps as to how a Roth IRA plan works:

  • The first step is to check the eligibility of the plan and join it by opening the Roth IRA account
  • Now, contribute to the account with the income saved after paying your taxes as per the prescribed limit
  • You can select from a wide range of investment options such as stocks, bonds, MFs, ETFs, etc.
  • Enjoy the tax-free growth of your funds
  • If you withdraw your Roth IRA account after completing 59 and half years and the 5-year lock-in period, you can enjoy the tax-free withdrawal
  • Earlier withdrawals might be subjected to penalties
  • The Roth IRA account doesn’t have minimum distribution criteria at any particular age. Hence, the account holder can enjoy tax-free growth of their funds for long

Roth IRA vs Traditional IRA

Here are some differences between Roth IRA and Traditional IRA:


Roth IRA

Traditional IRA

Income limits

There is an income limit set for contributions There is no income limit set for contributions

Tax benefits 

The contributions are made from an income after deducting tax

Withdrawals are tax-free

The contributions amount is tax deductible

Withdrawals are taxed like regular income

RMDs or Required Minimum Distributions

No RMDs during the lifetime of the account holder

Account holders must take distributions at 72 years

Early Withdrawal Penalties

10% penalty applied if withdrawn before completing 59 and half years of the account holder

A 10% penalty is applied if the amount is withdrawn before 59 and half years of the account holder

Roth IRA Benefits

Roth IRA has several benefits which makes it a popular pension plan. Let us take a look at some of its key benefits: 

  • The best thing about a Roth IRA plan is that it allows tax-free withdrawals. So, under this scheme, you can enjoy tax benefits in the case of both earnings and contributions
  • Roth IRA doesn’t have a criterion of RMD or Required Minimum Distributions. So, the account holder is not required to take RMDs at a particular age. Hence, they can see their money growing in a tax-free manner over a long period
  • Another advantage of a Roth IRA account is that it allows the account holder to pull out their contributions any time they want. There are no penalties for the withdrawal of contributions. However, when it comes to the withdrawal of earnings, it is subject to penalties
  • Being a retirement savings strategy, Roth IRA helps in tax diversification during retirement. Hence, you can enjoy withdrawing money from both taxable and tax-free income streams and managing your tax liability during retirement
  • Under the spousal Roth IRA India, an investor can open an additional Roth IRA account for their non-working spouse to maximize their retirement savings

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To Conclude 

Roth IRA is a great choice for retirement savings as it helps to save on taxes. The plan allows investors an opportunity to grow their investments in a tax-free way. However, they must contribute to the plan with their after-tax income. This plan allows the account holder to build a sizable amount of tax-free income for retirement.

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FAQs: What is a Roth Individual Retirement Account?

Which is a better pension plan - 401k or Roth IRA?

It depends on the monetary conditions and the goals of retirement of an individual to decide if the 401K or the Roth IRA is better for them. However, you may consider some factors in this regard, such as;
~ For people willing to earn a high income during their retired life can choose a Roth IRA plan
~ Also, if the investor is financially capable to increase the contribution limit, they can choose to invest in the 401k plan, which helps them to save more during retirement.

Are there any disadvantages of a Roth IRA?

Here are some disadvantages of a Roth IRA plan:
~ You cannot enjoy any immediate tax benefits as it is offered at the time of withdrawal
~ The contribution made annually in the case of a Roth IRA is less as compared to in 401k
~ Also, the contributions under Roth IRA are subject to income limits
~ The plan doesn’t allow any early withdrawal facility

Who can qualify for a Roth IRA plan?

For Roth IRA eligibility you must earn a decent income from your job or self-employment facility which will help you to contribute to a Roth IRA plan. However, there is no age limit for contributing to a Roth IRA.

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Jul 07, 2023
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PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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