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The scheme was launched by the Indian government in 1972 to commemorate the role of freedom fighters in the Indian freedom struggle. The plan offers freedom fighters and their dependents pension assistance.
In 1980, the Indian government liberalized the scheme further. The scheme was again extended by the government up to FY 2025-26. In addition, the government also offered a Dearness Allowance (DA) (36% of monthly pension) since July 2022 as central freedom fighters pension dearness relief.
SSSY is a scheme of monthly pensions. However, what makes this pension plan special is the fact that the beneficiaries of the plan are people who fought for India’s freedom. The scheme provides the freedom fighters and wards of freedom fighters with financial and social security and helps them to lead a decent life.
Here are some features of the Freedom Fighter pension scheme:
Indian Government – Ministry of Home Affairs
Who can be the beneficiaries
Freedom fighters who are alive
Dependents of a freedom fighter who was a martyr:
– Widow/ widower
– Unmarried daughter (maximum 3 daughters)
Pension Amount offered
– Freedom Fighter/Spouse receive INR 35,360 – INR 40,800
– Dependent unmarried daughters/Parents receive 50% of the pension amount received by the freedom fighter
Offered for a lifetime in case of freedom fighters
For eligible dependents:
– Till re-marriage of widow/widower of freedom fighter
– Till the marriage of the daughters
– Till the parents (dependent) are alive
The beneficiary can avail of tax benefits as the freedom fighter pension amount is tax-free
Below are the updated pension categories offered to the freedom fighters and the dependents of freedom fighters:
Freedom fighter category
|Monthly pension amount
|Dearness Allowance (DA) (36% of the Basic Amount per month from 01/07/2022)
Total Amount of pension per month with DA
Ex-Political Prisoners and Spouses from Cellular Jail or ‘Kala Pani’ in Andaman
Freedom Fighters who fought outside British Indian Territory and their Spouses
Other Freedom Fighters and Spouses (including those who were with INA)
Up to 3 dependent unmarried daughters and parents of freedom fighters
|50% of the basic pension amount provided to the freedom fighters
(Between INR 13,000 – INR 15,000)
|50% of DA provided to the freedom fighters
(Between INR 4,680 – INR 5,400)
50% of the total pension provided to the freedom fighters
(Between INR 17,680-INR 20,400)
*According to policy guidelines, the Central Samman Pension is not applicable for TDS
Here’s a list of documents required to check the eligibility under SSSY:
Dependent relatives of the Martyr
|The wards of dependent relatives of the Martyr or the person who died while participating in the freedom struggle in India
Old newspaper reports of that time
|In the case of women or people from SC/ST background, the minimum requirement is 3 months imprisonment during the freedom movement
For the rest of the people, the minimum requirement of imprisonment is 6 months
Records of detention or imprisonment from the particular jail authority where they were detained
Those who had gone underground during the freedom movement
|– Applies to those who went underground for a minimum of 6 months.
– The person must have had an order of arrest/ detention issued in their name
– Official evidence that is documented at the time of freedom struggle
– Non-availability of a Record Certificate (NARC) and Personal Knowledge Certificate (PKC) from a concerned authority
|If the property of a person was damaged, or confiscated during the freedom movement due to their participation in India’s freedom struggle and they never got that back
Order of sale/confiscation of property
|If a person is disabled permanently because of injury by a bullet or lathi charge during the freedom struggle
Handicap certificate from DM of the place of residence and
Medical Certificate issued by a professional doctor
Loss of government employment
|If a person has lost their government job for participating in India’s freedom struggle and was not recalled for 2 years
If the person has not received any allowance during this period
Removal or dismissal order from employment
If received punishment (in the form of whipping)
|If a person received 10 strokes of whipping/caning as punishment for their participation in the freedom movement
Records (official) from the concerned authority
Below are the eligible dependents under the Freedom Fighters pension list:
Here is a list of facilities offered to the pensioners of SSSY under the freedom fighter quota:
Below is the process to apply for the SSSY:
Deputy Secretary, Freedom Fighters Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, 1st Floor, NDCC-II Building, Jai Singh Road, New Delhi
Let us take a look at how the pension amount is issued to the concerned people by the government:
Here are some benefits of the SSSY to the Indian freedom fighters:
The Swatantrata Sainik Samman Yojana (SSSY) was initiated by the government as a tribute to the people who fought for India’s freedom. It commemorates the glory of our freedom fighters and their sacrifices.
The monthly pension received by freedom fighters/spouses under the Swatantrata Sainik Samman Yojana (SSSY) is between INR 35,360 to INR 40,800. However, the dependents are liable to receive 50% of the money received by the freedom fighter or spouse.
No, the pension paid under SSSY is not taxable under the IT Act of 1961.
The Indian Government in 2021 allotted INR 3,274.87 crores to SSSY up to FY 2025-26.
The Ministry of Home Affairs implements the Swatantrata Sainik Samman Yojana.
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