Does Life Insurance Pay for Suicidal Death in India 2023 – Check Old & Current Provisions


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Life insurance policies serve as a safety net for the family members of policyholders by offering them financial protection during challenging times after the demise of the insured. However, it is important to understand the death benefit policy of term plans in case of sensitive issues like suicidal deaths. 

For solo-earning members of a family, a life insurance policy serves as an excellent option to secure their family members monetarily and reduce their financial stress. But do life insurance companies offer coverage against suicidal deaths? If so, are there any conditions, and what are the plans that allow coverage against suicidal deaths? To confirm all such doubts, one should review the policy document carefully. In this post, let’s dig into this topic further.

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So, Does Life Insurance Pay for Suicidal Deaths in India?

Yes, life Insurance pay for suicidal deaths in India. So, if a policyholder dies by committing suicide, the nominee can expect a certain amount of death benefit because most insurers pay death benefit for suicidal deaths.

However, when making a life insurance claim for suicidal death, you need to check some clauses related to the payment tenure of the policy. These conditions are mentioned in the policy document.

Which are the various kinds of Life Insurance Plans that Allow Suicidal Death Benefit? 

Here is a list of different types of life insurance plans that allow suicidal benefit to the nominee of life insurance policies:

Generally, suicidal death benefit applies to all kinds of life insurance policies, including:

  • Term Plans
  • Savings plans
  • Wealth creation plans

However, each plan might differ in terms of the scope of the death benefit it offers.

What are major death cases which are not covered in term life insurance?

Old and Current Provisions of Death Benefits in case of Suicidal Death

In 2014, IRDAI, or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India, laid down some new provisions for claiming death benefits for suicidal deaths.

Old Provisions 

New Provisions 

No death benefit will be offered under life insurance policies bought before January 2014 if the insured dies by committing suicide within the first 12 months of buying the plan

As per the new provision, insurance companies will have to pay 80% of the premium amount paid to the nominee in case the insured dies of suicidal death during the first 12 months of the policy. This is in case of insurance plans bought after 2014

The policy will become invalid, and the death benefit claim will not be entertained

For policies that are bought after 2014, the nominee of the plan will receive death benefit even in case of death by suicide taking place within 12 months of the plan

This provision was introduced to benefit the insurance companies and to stop fraud cases while making insurance claims

For suicidal deaths occurring after the first 12 months of buying the policy, the death benefit will be paid as usual (sum assured will be paid as per policy term)

Why is suicidal death covered by life insurance companies in India?

In normal circumstances, suicide is not regarded as an unforeseen death. However, insurance companies do offer death benefit in case of suicidal deaths to help the family members of the insured overcome any financial crisis. There can be numerous reasons for the insured to have taken such a harsh decision like committing suicide. Some such reasons can be debt, depression, and stress. The payout received as a death benefit would help the family deal with the financial liabilities and sustain their lives better.

Suicidal Death Exclusions under Life Insurance Plans in India

Below are some of the common exclusions under life insurance plans in India: 

  • There are some life insurance plans with clause which states that the insurance company will not pay any death benefit if the policyholder dies by committing suicide within 12 months of the policy purchase or before renewing the policy
  • Most of the life insurance policies cover suicidal death only after the completion of one year of the plan
  • If the suicide takes place within one year of buying the policy, the insurer offers only 80% of the premium paid to the nominee of the policy
  • If there is a lapse in the premium payment of the life insurance policy, the insurer will not pay any death benefit
  • Even in the case of fraudulent or incomplete details in the insurance policy offered by the insured, the insurer is not liable to pay any benefit

Does Every Life Insurance Plan Offer Death Benefit for suicidal deaths in India?

As per IRDAI’s new provision, most insurers have updated the policy terms of their life insurance plans. So, as per the indications by IRDA, insurers must offer a lump sum amount of paid premiums to the nominee of the policy if the insured dies by committing suicide within one year of the policy. And if the insured dies after one year, the insurer will have to pay the entire death benefit as per the policy terms.

Under which Cases is a Person not Eligible for Suicidal Death Benefit Cover?

Below are the cases when a person is not eligible for suicidal death benefit:

  • In case of misleading details offered by the insured
  • Insurer pays the death benefit to the nominee only if the insured has not committed any fraudulent ways while buying the policy
  • Also, if the policyholder is insured under any group plan, the nominee is not eligible for any payouts

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To Sum Up

There has been a huge rise in the number of suicidal deaths in India for various reasons such as depression, emotional breakdown, instability in life, debts and more. Whatever the reason be, when there is a suicide in the family, the rest of the members are bound to get affected. And that is the reason why insurance companies cover suicidal deaths in India.

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FAQs: Does Life Insurance Pay for Suicidal Death in India

Why are life insurance claims rejected?

Insurance companies may reject life insurance claims if they find any fraudulent or incomplete information offered by the policyholder.

Who gets the life insurance death benefit amount?

The nominee of the policyholder gets the life insurance death benefit amount.

Can I have two life insurance plans?

Yes, a policyholder can buy as many life insurance plans as they want. However, they all should come under the human life value estimate.

What happens to the life insurance policies that are not claimed?

If not claimed, a life insurance policy is turned over to the policyholder's state of residence as per laws of unclaimed property.

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Aug 09, 2023
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PayBima Team
PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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