World Autism Awareness Day April 2, 2023 – History, Theme and Significance


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Updated on May 01, 2023

April 2 is observed as World Autism Awareness Day and there is no better way to observe the day than to raise awareness of this condition and to promote kindness towards autistic people. Read on to know more.   

World Autism Awareness Day is a special day observed to emphasise the significance of supporting people with autism and to improve the quality of their life. April 2 has been declared by the UN General Assembly as the World Autism Awareness Day. Let’s discuss it in detail here.

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What is Autism and What do you Understand by World Autism Awareness Day 2023?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which is commonly known as Autism, is a life-long condition that involves behavioural challenges faced by autistic people. Under this condition, the individuals suffering from this disorder require care and facilities for life. Autism is a condition that starts during childhood and stays active throughout adulthood.

World Autism Day is a health-specific United Nations Day which advocates and recognises the rights of autistic people and spreads awareness about their achievements. The day focuses on enhancing the quality of life of patients with autistic disorder and allowing them complete support to live a worthy life.

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History of World Autism Awareness Day 

The word ‘Autism’ first appeared in 1911 by Eugen Bleuler, a psychiatrist who used the term to describe a specific cluster of symptoms in schizophrenia. In 1943, Dr. Leo Kanner, a pediatric psychiatrist categorized Autism as a social and emotional disorder. In 1944, Hans Asperger described autism as a children’s disorder in which kids face difficulties with social and communication skills.

After enough research on the topic, the UN General Assembly set April 2 as World Autism Awareness Day, celebrated each year to encourage people in raising awareness about autistic people and to find new ways to improve the wellness of such people.

Themes of World Autism Awareness Day 2023

Light It Up Blue” is the theme of World Autism Awareness Day 2023. This year’s theme urges people to wear blue and to turn on the lights in their homes or businesses.

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Traditions of World Autism Awareness Day Observance 

World Autism Awareness Day supports various causes that promote awareness of the disease. School going children are educated about the condition and encouraged to accept it so that bullying against autistic children can be discouraged. Since the signs of autism may not be so obvious at times, parents and elders need to be educated on autistic children and their characteristics.

The best way to celebrate World Autism Awareness Day is by means of getting familiar with the condition. Also, this way the understanding of common people towards the disease could be enhanced to promote kindness for autistic people.

How to Observe World Autism Awareness Day 2023?

Here are some things that you can do to observe the special day in a special way:

  • Spread information among people who are ignorant about autism. Inform and educate them about the people with this condition.
  • Get associated with associations working for Autism and help autistic people in need
  • The day can be spent well with any of your family members if they are diagnosed with autism

World Autism Awareness Day Facts

Here are some lesser-known facts about Autism:

  • In 2018, an approximate number of 1 child in 59 children was diagnosed with autism
  • The chances of diagnosing Autism among small children of 1-2 years is much less. Kids of two years and above are the ones who can be diagnosed with autism and can be given the best support for their wellbeing.
  • The children with autism are known to suffer from sleep disorders and gastrointestinal disorders more commonly as compared to normal children.
  • Autism is one of the rapidly growing developmental disorders
  • At present there is no permanent cure for Autism.

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To Sum Up

For long people with the condition of Autism were ignored in society and were excluded too.  On the occasion of International Autism Awareness Day, the organizers strive to create awareness among people about the condition and to offer support for people living with it. The primary goal of observing this day is to make societies accept autistic people normally.

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FAQs: World Autism Awareness Day 2023 Theme, History and Significance

What are the causes of Autism?

As per scientists, there are many genetic mutations which are associated with autism. As many as 100 autism risk genes have been found already.  However, in most of the cases a complex combination of genetic as well as environmental factors are said to be the cause of autism.

How would you know if your child has autism?

Autism cannot be diagnosed until the child turns 2 years old. It can be diagnosed by a specialist only such as a psychologist, psychiatrist, neurologist etc.  However, you can check for some signs like absence of facial expressions, sharing sound, smiles etc. by 9 months. And absence of forming words by 16 months etc.

What to do in case an autism spectrum disease is diagnosed?

It can be a struggle initially to accept the condition of autism. However, the best way to deal with this condition is to stay aware and look for a specialist with resources and treatments to help you.

Which is the autism awareness month?

April is the autism awareness month as 2nd April is observed as World Autism Awareness Day.


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Mar 29, 2023
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