Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act – Know 184 MV Act Fine Amount and Provisions


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Wondering what Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act is? First, you need to know about Motor Vehicle Act. The motor vehicle act is the definitive guideline for traffic and road rules along with administering penalties and punishments for violations of several types.

Learning more about Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle (MV) Act

The MV Act has been extensively modified and re-examined, taking into account increasing instances of traffic-linked violations countrywide. The entire structure of penalties has become more stringent after the amendment in 2019. All vehicle owners are now required to carry documents like their motor vehicle insurance papers, registration certificate and driving license. Here is a brief insight into Section 184 of the Indian motor vehicle act.

Also Read: Section 166 of Motor Vehicle Act

What is stated under Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act?

Section 184 of the Motor Vehicles Act talks about the penalties imposed for dangerous driving. As per this act, anyone driving a vehicle in a way that is dangerous for the common public commuting on the road shall be punished with imprisonment for up to one year period and/or a penalty of INR 5000. If the offense is repeated, the imprisonment period may extend to two years and the penalty will extend up to INR 10,000.

Section 184 MV Act Fine Amount

The Indian Government has also amended some parts of the Dangerous Driving section under the 1988 Motor Vehicle Act. Driving vehicles above the speed limit in a way which is dangerous for other persons is punishable and may lead to imprisonment for certain periods. Section 184 MV act fine amount may be around Rs. 5,000 with the minimum amount being Rs. 1,000 for the first offence with imprisonment extended till one year. For any second offence within three years of the first one, the imprisonment term will be extended up to two years and Rs. 10,000 as the fine.

Know More: Updated List of Rules for Traffic Violations and Fines in India

Section 184 of Motor Vehicle Act/MV Act Provisions

Here are some of the key provisions mentioned in Section 184  MV Act.

Dangerous driving fines are up to Rs. 5,000 and imprisonment for a year as mentioned. The fine was earlier Rs. 1,000 with imprisonment for six months.

Anybody charged with the following will have to pay Rs. 10,000 as the fine-

  • Violating the stop signal.
  • Jumping any red light.
  • Using mobile phones/devices while driving.
  • Overtaking any vehicle wrongfully.
  • Driving recklessly.
  • Driving against any authorized flow of traffic.

Getting third party motor vehicle insurance is also mandatory as you already know. This is one of the rules mandated by the Government. Many also opt for comprehensive coverage to ensure that they are financially covered for any damages to their vehicles. This is the 184 Section of the Motor Vehicles Act that people should never forget.

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Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle (MV) Act 

Now that you have a brief idea about Section 184, how about learning a little more about Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle Act? Here are some salient points that you should keep in mind:

Section 185 begins with addressing driving by any drunken individual or an individual under the influence of drugs.

It states that whichever person trying to drive or driving any vehicle, if he or she has blood alcohols surpassing 30 mg for each 100 ml of blood (as found in the test through a breath analyzer) or is under the influence of any drug to a level which makes him or her unfit to properly control the vehicle, shall face stringent punishment.

The first offence is punishable with imprisonment for a tenure which may go up to six months. There may also be a fine going up to Rs. 2,000.

Both these punishments may also be applicable in such cases as per the Act.

For any second or further offence, if repeated within a period of three years of the earlier one, may lead to imprisonment for a tenure going up to two years or with a fine which may increase to Rs. 3,000.

Both these punishments may also apply in such circumstances.

The drugs are specified by the Government in this case as those which make people unfit to properly control their vehicles.

Also Read: Vehicle Owner Details by Number Plate

What are the Offences Mentioned Under Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act?

As mentioned above, Section 184 penalizes people who engage themselves in reckless driving and puts the lives of other commuters on the road in danger. This section holds the vehicle drivers responsible for their activities on the road while driving and imposes penalties accordingly. It further emphasizes the significance of the practice of safe driving.

Below are some offenses categorized under dangerous driving:

  • Red light jumping
  • Violating the sign of ‘STOP’
  • Using mobile phones while driving
  • Driving anti-conventionally against the traffic flow on the road
  • Overtaking vehicles dangerously
  • Dangerous driving that may cause serious wounds to people

What are the Penalties imposed under Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act?

Depending on the severity of the offense and the injury caused to the commuter, the penalties under Section 184 may vary.

Here are the details of Motor Vehicle Act Section 184 including 184 MV Act fine amount:

  • In case an offense under section 184 is committed for the first time, the punishment imposed is imprisonment for six months to one year and/or a fine of up to INR 5,000 (or both)
  • If the offense is repeated for a second time within three years of the first time, the offender will be imprisoned for up to two years, and a fine of INR 10,000 will be imposed (or both)
  • Punishment u/s 184 is imposed only under specific conditions. Actions like speeding, violating stop signs, dangerous overtaking, violating red lights, etc. carry a fine of INR 10,000

How is Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act and Motor Insurance related

To drive a vehicle freely on Indian highways, you need a third-party car insurance policy as per the Motor Vehicle Act of 1988. This is mentioned under sections 145-164 of the MV Act, which states that no one should drive a vehicle in a public place without third-party liability insurance. A third-party insurance policy covers the insured against third-party liabilities in case of an accident. Third-party may include individuals, properties, or vehicles of the third party and not belonging to the insured.

In a nutshell 

This is why police personnel conduct blood tests with breathalyzers at night to check whether motorists are driving under the influence of alcohol or even drugs. Drunk driving is a strict no-no. You should always refrain from this practice by all means. It is not only a punishable offence but is also unsafe for you and your co-passengers, the condition of your vehicle and the safety of others who are on the road.

India witnesses a high number of road accidents throughout the year which turn out to be fatal in many cases.

Also Read: All India Permit Fees For Commercial Vehicle

Many of these instances happen due to driving under the influence of alcohol. Hence, people should exercise caution and restraint while driving. If you are going to any party or are planning to consume liquor, make sure that you are not driving that day. It will not hurt to pay for a cab or look for other transportation or even let someone else drive, who is sober. Remember that your life is more precious than saving some money or getting into the car for the thrill of it. You should also stay in the loop about the fines and charges under Sections 184 and 185. The penalties have gone up in recent times and you should be careful to maintain road and traffic rules without over-speeding, breaking stop signals or driving dangerously. Always remember that rules exist for a purpose.

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FAQs on Section 184 of MV Act

What are Sections 185 and 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act?

In Section 185 of the Motor Vehicle Act, the drugs mentioned by the Central Government will be deemed to render an individual incapable of exercising proper control over a motor vehicle. Aside from that, you can be charged with an offence under Section 184 of MV Act if you drive dangerously.

What are the new changes made in Section 184 MV Act?

As per the latest amendments, the fine amount has been increased from INR 1000 to INR 5000 for speeding vehicles. This amount can even reach INR 10,000 if the offense is repeated. Further, the period of imprisonment has also been increased to one year from the earlier 6 months.

How much is the fine imposed for creating any obstruction to emergency vehicles?

As per section 184 of the MVA, emergency vehicles should be allowed to pass and not obstructed. Such vehicles include ambulances, fire trucks, etc. The fine for obstructing such vehicles is INR 10,000.

How much fine is imposed for dangerous driving in India?

Fine for dangerous driving in India can go up to INR 10,000 and up to 1 year in prison.

What is the importance of the Motor Vehicle Act’s Section 184?

Section 184 of the MVA controls dangerous driving in India. This act serves as a control measure against reckless driving and its implications.

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Apr 13, 2022
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PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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