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Helmets are enforced by the government on two-wheelers to ensure the safety of the riders. Wearing a helmet keeps one safe from any major head injury in case of an accident. Hence, wearing helmets are necessary as well as compulsory. If anyone is found riding a bike or a scooter without a helmet, he/she might be levied with a hefty fine. In addition, you must also note that there are certain kinds of helmets that are not acceptable. Hence, it is important to know the rules related to wearing/using helmets in India to avoid being fined.
There has been an increase in the number of accidents taking place in India, especially due to the involvement of two-wheelers. Most of these accidents lead to death or critical condition of the rider causing injuries in the neck, head, spine, and other parts of the body. The head injuries caused by accidents lead to the instant death of many riders. Hence, the government has made helmets compulsory for riders in India to reduce the rate of accidental deaths in the country.
So, it is compulsory to wear helmets in India to abide by the motor vehicle rules. If a rider rides a two-wheeler without a helmet, he/she has to pay a fine of INR 1000 or may be imprisoned for up to three months. The use of a helmet not just secures you against serious injuries to the head, but also ensures that you return to your family safe and sound after riding your vehicle. This way you get to take the necessary safety precautions at the time of riding a two-wheeler vehicle.
Looking at the rising cases of bike accidents in India, the government has made it compulsory to wear a helmet while riding a two-wheeler vehicle. The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 mandates the use of a helmet and at the same time has enforced new rules of severe penalties and fines.
Many people in India wear a helmet not to avoid injury but to avoid penalties. Hence, they use a half-helmet, which is a piece of protection that covers only a portion of their head rather than protecting the entire head. However, unlike earlier, wearing a half-helmet is no longer accepted as per the updated traffic rules or the new helmet rule in India.
Section 129(a) of the Motor Vehicles Act has laid down some rules and regulations regarding the helmet type that should be used while riding a bike. Hence, the Indian government together with BIS or the Bureau of Indian Standards has issued a notice to the producers of helmets to abide by the norms while producing helmets.
Here are some key features which must be taken note of while producing helmets:
The table below details the laws and penalties in different states in India for not using helmets while riding two-wheelers. However, due to the protest of the passengers, many states in India created temporary helmet rules rather than the strict regulations that are mentioned in the updated rules of the Motor Vehicle Act.
Penalty/Challan for not wearing a helmet
Gujarat state government has reduced the fine for not wearing a helmet to INR 500 from INR 1000
|Bihar, Haryana, Tripura, Assam||
These states subject the two-wheeler riders to all penalties as per the updated Motor Vehicle Act
Uttarakhand has also modified the fine amount charged for breaking helmet rules under the motor vehicle act
U.P fines up to INR 600 for riding a bike or any other two-wheeler vehicle without wearing a helmet
Odisha delayed the implementation of the updated rules under the motor vehicle act for three months due to arguments between traffic police and bike riders
Kerala enforced the recent rules of the motor vehicle act. However, the rules had to be withdrawn because of opposition from trade unions and the public
Karnataka looks forward to Gujarat and wants to implement similar traffic rules. The state has reduced traffic fines as per public demand
|West Bengal, Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh||
In these states, two-wheeler riders are still fined on the basis of the old traffic rules for not wearing a helmet
To conclude, we can say that wearing helmets is certainly a way to ensure safety against road accidents in India. The government of India has come up with certain rules and regulations to decrease the number of deaths due to accidental injuries.
The key benefit of wearing a helmet is that it reduces the chances of serious head injuries. So, in case of a two-wheeler accident, the impact of the head injury can be absorbed by using a helmet. Since head or brain injuries are fatal in nature, if a person is not using the helmet, it exposes the head to critical injuries.
You should use helmets while riding a bike/scooter because it reduces the risk of serious brain injuries as well as death caused by falls or collisions.
Section 129 of the Motor Vehicle Act makes it illegal and a serious traffic breach to ride a two-wheeler vehicle in India without a helmet.
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