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Under Lymphadenitis, people suffer from inflammation of the lymph nodes, which play a significant part in enhancing the immune system. The lymph nodes protect the body against infections and store lymphocytes that are called white blood cells. So, when pathogens attack, these nodes swell and cause a growth in white blood cells. The process of swelling of the lymph nodes is accompanied by pain.
When the swelling of the abdominal lymph nodes takes place near the stomach area, and it comes with abdomen pain, it is called mesenteric Lymphadenitis. Under this condition, the swelling takes place in the particular area of the lymph nodes, which connect the mesentery or the abdominal wall to the bowel. The size of the lymph nodes generally is of a pea. However, they tend to grow large and become tender when swollen and cause discomfort in the abdomen.
Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is common among children and teenagers, while it is less common among people over the age of 20. This is a rare condition that doesn’t require any special treatment. It settles with time.
There are several causes, like viral and bacterial infections. Here are some common causes of the disease:
Viral infection is a common cause of this ailment. The inflammation in the stomach can mostly be due to gastroenteritis which leads to swelling in the lymph nodes. When caused by a viral infection, this condition is termed mesenteric adenitis.
Various bacterial infections can also cause this condition, such as a cat scratch, which is again a very rare contagion. This infection is mainly caused if a cat’s saliva touches the open wound of an individual by licking. Or if a cat scratches/bites someone in a way to break the skin. This makes the infested area inflamed and red.
Organisms that thrive on an individual for food are called parasites. The infection caused by parasites can cause Mesenteric Lymphadenitis. For example, toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, and it is caused by the consumption of uncooked or filthy meat. This also causes seizures and inflammation in the lymph nodes.
Gastroenteritis is another cause of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis, also called stomach flu. The swelling of the lymph nodes causes it.
Many times, the symptoms of this condition are confused with appendicitis. Below are some common symptoms:
Depending on the category of mesenteric Lymphadenitis, the diagnosis and treatment are decided. Here are some ways to diagnose the condition:
CT scan and other imaging studies are used to view the abdomen swelling. A CT scan might show the lymph node of the person in an enlarged way in a cluster.
In typical cases, a CT scan is enough to diagnose mesenteric Lymphadenitis. However, in some cases, an ultrasound is required to confirm the disease. The ultrasound of the abdomen allows a better view within the abdomen for the doctor to see the swelling in the lymph nodes
Mesenteric Lymphadenitis generally does not require any distinct medical treatment. The condition is caused by viruses and goes on its own. Here are some things to do to recover fully from the disease:
Adequate rest is the first and foremost thing required to recover completely from this condition. Children affected by this condition may feel tired and lose their appetite.
It is necessary to be hydrated to recompense the fluid loss in the body caused by diarrhea and vomiting, which are common symptoms of the disease. Intake of sufficient water will enhance appetite and lower temperature.
If the fever and pain persist, you can take the help of over-the-counter medicine. However, be very careful while giving such medicines to children and teens as they might have side effects.
If your appetite has gone for a toss due to the condition while recovering from it, try to intake lots of fluid to compensate for the fluid loss. Prefer fresh juices and electrolyte powders to restore the fluid.
In case of severe mesenteric Lymphadenitis, you may require medical support to get better. In this case, you may use antibiotics to treat the swelling of the lymph nodes.
To Sum Up
Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is a common condition that gets better without any medication. However, if you feel any symptoms, as mentioned above, you must consult a doctor. This condition mostly affects children and gradually alleviates in around four weeks.
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No, Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is not regarded as a serious condition in most cases and gets better on its own.
People affected by this condition are suggested not to eat raw food, including undercooked non-vegetarian food. It is advisable to drink boiled and cooled water and avoid drinking anything hot.
No, mesenteric Lymphadenitis is a condition which is rare.
This condition generally requires no medical treatment, and it settles on its own in about four weeks in case of mild infection.
The mesenteric lymph nodes are usually 4.6 mm in diameter and 3.6 mm in mean.
Mesentery is a fold of membranes that fixes the intestine to the abdominal wall.
Lymphadenitis is an infection in one or more lymph nodes.
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