What is Mesenteric Lymphadenitis? – Check Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments


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Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is a condition that often goes unnoticed amidst the maze of medical mysteries, while it silently affects the lives of thousands of people. This ailment not only has a tongue-twisting name but also the potential to disrupt the comfort of many people. Let’s dig more into it to unravel its symptoms and causes while shedding light on its treatments. 

Under Lymphadenitis, people suffer from inflammation of the lymph nodes, which play a significant part in enhancing the immune system. The lymph nodes protect the body against infections and store lymphocytes that are called white blood cells. So, when pathogens attack, these nodes swell and cause a growth in white blood cells. The process of swelling of the lymph nodes is accompanied by pain.

When the swelling of the abdominal lymph nodes takes place near the stomach area, and it comes with abdomen pain, it is called mesenteric Lymphadenitis. Under this condition, the swelling takes place in the particular area of the lymph nodes, which connect the mesentery or the abdominal wall to the bowel. The size of the lymph nodes generally is of a pea. However, they tend to grow large and become tender when swollen and cause discomfort in the abdomen.

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is common among children and teenagers, while it is less common among people over the age of 20. This is a rare condition that doesn’t require any special treatment. It settles with time.

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Causes of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis

There are several causes, like viral and bacterial infections. Here are some common causes of the disease:

1. Virus infection:

Viral infection is a common cause of this ailment. The inflammation in the stomach can mostly be due to gastroenteritis which leads to swelling in the lymph nodes. When caused by a viral infection, this condition is termed mesenteric adenitis.

2. Infection of Bacteria:

Various bacterial infections can also cause this condition, such as a cat scratch, which is again a very rare contagion. This infection is mainly caused if a cat’s saliva touches the open wound of an individual by licking. Or if a cat scratches/bites someone in a way to break the skin. This makes the infested area inflamed and red.

3. Infections caused by Parasites:

Organisms that thrive on an individual for food are called parasites. The infection caused by parasites can cause Mesenteric Lymphadenitis. For example, toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, and it is caused by the consumption of uncooked or filthy meat. This also causes seizures and inflammation in the lymph nodes.

4. Caused by Gastroenteritis:

Gastroenteritis is another cause of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis, also called stomach flu. The swelling of the lymph nodes causes it.

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Symptoms of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis

Many times, the symptoms of this condition are confused with appendicitis. Below are some common symptoms:

  • One of the most common symptoms of mesenteric Lymphadenitis is the pain in the stomach caused by inflammation in the lymph nodes
  • Abdomen tenderness is another symptom of the condition caused due to swelling in the lymph nodes
  • Fever that comes with chills can also be termed as a symptom of mesenteric Lymphadenitis
  • The condition is also associated with vomiting/ nausea, which are among the less common symptoms of the condition
  • In case of severe mesenteric Lymphadenitis, it might cause diarrhea as well
  • In most cases, people who are affected by this condition can experience appetite loss, thereby leading to weight loss

Diagnosis of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis

Depending on the category of mesenteric Lymphadenitis, the diagnosis and treatment are decided. Here are some ways to diagnose the condition:

1. By CT Scan:

CT scan and other imaging studies are used to view the abdomen swelling. A CT scan might show the lymph node of the person in an enlarged way in a cluster.

2. By Ultrasound:

In typical cases, a CT scan is enough to diagnose mesenteric Lymphadenitis. However, in some cases, an ultrasound is required to confirm the disease. The ultrasound of the abdomen allows a better view within the abdomen for the doctor to see the swelling in the lymph nodes

3. Mesenteric Lymphadenitis or Mesenteric Lymph Nodes Treatment:

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis generally does not require any distinct medical treatment. The condition is caused by viruses and goes on its own. Here are some things to do to recover fully from the disease:

4. Proper Rest:

Adequate rest is the first and foremost thing required to recover completely from this condition. Children affected by this condition may feel tired and lose their appetite.

5. Stay Hydrated:

It is necessary to be hydrated to recompense the fluid loss in the body caused by diarrhea and vomiting, which are common symptoms of the disease. Intake of sufficient water will enhance appetite and lower temperature.

6. Over-the-Counter Pain Killer:

If the fever and pain persist, you can take the help of over-the-counter medicine. However, be very careful while giving such medicines to children and teens as they might have side effects.

7. Drink Fluids:

If your appetite has gone for a toss due to the condition while recovering from it, try to intake lots of fluid to compensate for the fluid loss. Prefer fresh juices and electrolyte powders to restore the fluid.

8. Antibiotic Therapy:

In case of severe mesenteric Lymphadenitis, you may require medical support to get better. In this case, you may use antibiotics to treat the swelling of the lymph nodes.

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To Sum Up

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is a common condition that gets better without any medication. However, if you feel any symptoms, as mentioned above, you must consult a doctor. This condition mostly affects children and gradually alleviates in around four weeks.

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FAQs: What is Mesenteric Lymphadenitis?

Is mesenteric Lymphadenitis a grave medical condition?

No, Mesenteric Lymphadenitis is not regarded as a serious condition in most cases and gets better on its own.

What is the diet prescribed for mesenteric Lymphadenitis?

People affected by this condition are suggested not to eat raw food, including undercooked non-vegetarian food. It is advisable to drink boiled and cooled water and avoid drinking anything hot.

Is mesenteric Lymphadenitis a common ailment?

No, mesenteric Lymphadenitis is a condition which is rare.

How soon can a person recover from mesenteric Lymphadenitis?

This condition generally requires no medical treatment, and it settles on its own in about four weeks in case of mild infection.

Normally, what is the size of mesenteric lymph nodes?

The mesenteric lymph nodes are usually 4.6 mm in diameter and 3.6 mm in mean.

What is mesentery meaning?

Mesentery is a fold of membranes that fixes the intestine to the abdominal wall.

What is Lymphadenitis meaning?

Lymphadenitis is an infection in one or more lymph nodes.

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Aug 02, 2023
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PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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