What is Life Insurance Policy – Life Insurance Meaning, Features, and Types


5 min read

Understanding the true meaning of Life Insurance, its key features, the different types of life insurance policies, and how they benefit the policyholder

Life is the most unpredictable element that exists. While it may be planned (up to a certain extent), it cannot be completely foreseen or predicted. It unfolds itself as it happens, day after day. However, we cannot wait for life to unravel with each passing day and not prepare for the multiple uncertainties that it throws at us. This is where planning and preparation comes into play. Life Insurance is a vital part of this process. This blog aims to better understand life insurance meaning for a layperson and how it can benefit him/her in their everyday life. It also highlights the key features of a life insurance policy and the various types of policies that exist for policyholders.

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Meaning of Life Insurance

Let us first begin by throwing light on what life insurance means in simple terms. As the name suggests, life insurance aims at insuring life as such – a life that is full of unforeseen, yet inevitable, events. Life insurance guards us against all these uncertainties. The biggest of them all is the unavoidable death. If it occurs to someone prematurely, it can result in a huge irreparable loss, creating a void – both emotional as well as financial.

Here is when life insurance, meaning a policy that financially covers the risk of premature death, comes into force. Simply put, in case of premature death of an individual who buys life insurance (called the policyholder), a substantial amount of money (called the death benefit) is paid out to the bereaved family as financial support in the absence of the primary breadwinner. Let us look at the detailed life insurance policy meaning in the next section.

What is a Life Insurance Policy?

We broadly understood the concept of life insurance above. Now let us delve deeper into what a life insurance policy means for an individual. A life insurance policy is essentially a legal contract signed between the insurance company or insurer and the person who buys the policy or the insured. The insurer promises to cover the financial loss in the event of the premature death of the insured at any point in time.

In addition to premature death, several life insurance policies also provide risk coverage to the insured up to their survival through the entire tenure of the plan. This means that upon the maturity of the policy, the insured is entitled to receive a maturity benefit (similar to a death benefit in case of premature death) from the insurer. To avail of these benefits, however, the insured would need to pay a premium at regular intervals to the insurer.

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Top 5 Features of Life Insurance

We learned what life insurance means. Now let us look at the key features of a life insurance policy below:

1. In life insurance, the policyholder and insured can mean the same or different. If a person buys insurance on their life, they are both the policyholder and the life insured. However, when they buy a life insurance plan for the life of their spouse or dependent child(ren), the person buying the policy becomes the policyholder and the spouse/child is known as the life insured.

2. The person covered under the life insurance policy is known as the life insured or life assured.

3. Each life insurance policy purchased comes with a specific time and level of risk coverage. The insured is given the choice to opt for the duration and the coverage level preferred.

4. A policyholder is the person who pays the premium to the insurer for receiving the benefits under the policy.

5. Most insurance companies offer different types of life insurance policies. Every policy offers unique benefits as well. The section below looks at the different types of life insurance plans.

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Types of Life Insurance Policies

As stated earlier, different kinds of life insurance plans are offered to a policyholder or insured at the time of buying the plan. Let us look at them in detail here:

Name of Life Insurance Policy

What it Offers

Term Life Insurance (also called Term Insurance Policy)

Complete financial coverage for the entire family for the long term

Savings & Investment Policy

A means to channelise your life savings towards achieving a specific goal in the future

Whole Life Insurance Policy

Risk coverage for the life of the insured throughout their entire lifetime or up to 99 years old

Group Insurance Policy

Risk coverage for the employees of an organisation and corporate firms

Unit Linked Insurance Plan or ULIP

Investment plan allowing a combination of investments in a variety of debt and equity funds and partial withdrawals with a 5-year lock-in period

Child Insurance Policy

Useful for financing the higher education of your child and/or marriage expenses along with life cover

Endowment Policy

Promises receipt of the intended amount upon maturity

Retirement Policy

Allows you to build a wealth corpus for the time post-retirement

Money Back Policy

Allows you to prepare and plan cash flow for future goals like child’s education/marriage

Popular Life Insurance Companies India, 2023

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Summing Up

Life Insurance is no longer a luxury or privilege. It is an absolute must for every individual to help them bounce back from life’s uncertainties. Buy your life insurance plan today from PayBima where you will get a host of affordable options for you and your entire family.

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FAQs: Know about the Life Insurance Meaning, Features, and Policy Types

What is the nature of a life insurance contract?

Most life insurance contracts are just one-sided, meaning the insurer promises a maturity or death benefit to the insured or their nominee (as the case may be). This promise is enforced under the law and must be kept by the insurer under all circumstances.

What is the meaning of endowment insurance?

Endowment insurance is a type of life insurance policy that provides both life coverage as well as the means to build a wealth corpus for future goals. The returns on the policy are pre-determined at the time of policy purchase.

What are the 3 major types of life insurance?

The 3 key types of life insurance plans are:
~ Simplified issue life insurance
~ Fully underwritten life insurance
~ Guaranteed issue life insurance

Is there any LIC policy for 10 years?

Yes, LIC offers its customers several single-premium life insurance plans for a maximum duration of 10 years or more.

What are the 2 basic types of life insurance?

Life insurance is essentially of two types - term insurance (for up to 10-30 years) and permanent life insurance for the entire lifespan of the insured.

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May 19, 2023
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PayBima Team
PayBima is an Indian insurance aggregator on a mission to make insurance simple for people. PayBima is the Digital arm of the already established and trusted Mahindra Insurance Brokers Ltd., a reputed name in the insurance broking industry with 17 years of experience. PayBima promises you the easy-to-access online platform to buy insurance policies, and also extend their unrelented assistance with all your policy related queries and services.

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